Nanotechnology: the beginning or the end?
The world is currently agog at how much disruption Artificial Intelligence can cause and It is such a wonderful time to be alive: from Sophia the robot, to the internet breaking news of Sex bots. Humans are really in for lots of surprises, it has become evident that innovation is a moving train and Artificial intelligence is the driver. There are different aspects in which artificial intelligence is used some of which are Agricultural technology, Health sector, building technology( 3D printing and most recent container houses) in varying degrees and areas just mention a few.
One branch of science in AI which is not much talk about is Nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is relatively new, it is the combination of Physics, Chemistry, Engineering and biology principles. According to thisisreallypossible.com: Nanotechnology (nanotech) is technology based on materials, the single units of which, are smaller than 1000 nanometers, but usually smaller than 100 nm. At this scale, the technology is invisible to the unaided human eye; a sheet of newspaper is about 100,000 nanometers thick. When materials have been manipulated to have one or more of their dimensions under 100 nanometers, they take on different properties breaking their usual physical and chemical rules. The concept of Nanotech was credited by the historians to the Physicist, Richard Feyman.This was as a result of his speech in 1959 which theorized that machines could be miniaturized and huge amounts of information could be encoded in minuscule spaces, paving the way for disruptive technological developments.
Nanotechnology studies the minuscule components of organisms and designs innovative gadgets knowns as Nanorobots also known as micromachines, bet you never heard about them! These are programmable machines which are barely visible to the eyes which can be directed to build more of themselves as well as other things. Most are currently in the works, type of nanobots called microbivore nanobots are being engineered to replace antibiotics: to search for and destroy harmful bacteria within the body. Similarly, they could be used to destroy viruses. Not only can they be used to maintain our bodies, they could enhance us. It is rumored that it could make humans immortal
Nanorobots deployed into the bloodstream
There are various areas in which nanotechnology will be used for innovative studies, here are few key applications of nanobots and micromachines:
- Cancer treatment: nanobots are being developed to identify and eliminate cancerous cells within an organ or the body system entirely.
- Drug Delivery mechanism: targeted drug delivery like the antibiotic mentioned above for disease control and elimination
- New Sensing devices: this would help human system be integrated into physical components in order to easily monitor the world and have real-time information.
- New Energy Systems: Nanorobotics is expected to play a key role in creating more efficient renewable energy systems as well as environmental protection can be heightened e.g Micorobots that can clean polluted air at more efficient rates.
- Connecting our brains to the internet: According to Scientist Ray Kurzweil there is a possibility to connect the human nervous system to the internet by 2030
These are but a few of areas in which nanotech will be used and there are many arguments for and against them.What do you think this kind of technology will lead to? Share your thoughts in the comment section.